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专四阅读题模拟训练

时间:2017-03-20 10:23来源:作者:点击:

he Internet, E-commerce and globalizationare making a new economic era possible. In the future, capitalist markets willlargely be replaced by a new kind of economic system based on networkedrelationships, contractual arrangements and access rights.

 

Has the quality of our lives at work, athome and in our communities increased in direct proportion to all the newInternet and business-to-business Internet services being introduced into ourlives? I have asked this question of hundreds of CEOS and corporate executivesin Europe and the United States. Surprisingly, virtually everyone hassaid,”No, quite contrary.” The very people responsible for usheringin what some have called a “technological renaissance” say they areworking longer hours, feel more stressed, are more impatient, and are even lesscivil in their dealings with colleagues and friends–not to mention strangers.And what’s more revealing, they place much of the blame on the very sametechnologies they are so aggressively championing.

The techno gurus (领袖) promised us that access would make life more convenient and giveus more time. Instead, the very technological wonders that were supposed toliberate us have begun to enslave us in a web of connections from which thereseems to be no easy escape.

 

If an earlier generation was preoccupiedwith the quest to enclose a vast geographic frontier, the .com generation, itseems, is more caught up in the colonization of time. Every spare moment of ourtime is being filled with some form of commercial connection, making timeitself the most scarce of all resources. Our e-mail, voice mail and cellphones, our 24-hour Interact news and entertainment all seize for ourattention.

And while we have created every kind oflabor-and time-saving device to service our needs, we are beginning to feellike we have less time available to us than any other humans in history. Thatis because the great proliferation of labor-and-time-saving services onlyincreases the diversity, pace and flow of commodified activity around us. Forexample, e-mail is a great convenience. However, we now find ourselves spendingmuch of our day frantically responding to each other’s electronic messages. Thecell phone is a great time-saver,Except now we are always potentially in reachof someone else who wants our attention.

Social conservatives talk about the declinein civility and blame it on the loss of a moral compass and religious values.Has anyone bothered to ask whether the hyper speed culture is making all of usless patient and less willing to listen and defer, consider and reflect?

 

Maybe we need to ask what kinds ofconnections really count and what types of access really matter in thee-economy era. ff this new technology revolution is only about hyperefficiency, then we risk losing something even precious than time–our sense ofwhat it means to be a caring human being.

 

1. According to the passage, corporateexecutives think that

   A. technologyrenaissance should be pushed forward.

   B. technology has aprofound impact on their lives.

   C. technologyactually results in a decline in their life quality.

   D. technology shouldbe aggressively championed.

 

2. Which of the following is NOT true?

   A. Technology wassupposed to free people.

   B. The .corngeneration became slaves of technology.

   C. New technologiesoccupy much of our time.

   D. It is difficult toavoid the influence of technology wonders.

 

3. What is the most valuable resource forthe .com generation?

   A. Technological wonders.

   B. Access toinformation.

   C. Time.

   D. Time savingdevices.

 

4. In the sixth paragraph, the authorimplied that

   A. socialconservatives blamed the loss of morality on technology.

   B. the .comgeneration was less civil than the earlier generations.

   C. the hyper speedculture led to the decline in civility.

   D. technology mightmake people less impatient.

 

5. An appropriate title for the passagemight be

   A. The New InternetLife.

   B. The Drawbacks oftoo Much Access.

   C. The Failure ofTechnological Renaissance.

   D. The DecliningQuality of Life.

参考答案与解析:

 

1.[C]细节判断题。根据corporateexecutives定位到第2段。从每个人的回答“没有,正好相反”可推断C正确;公司经理们的回答和接下来讲到的时间更长,压力更大,更不耐烦等等可 知他们要强调的是科技给他们带来的负面影响,故A、B、D都可排除。

2.[B]细节判断题。从第3段可知A中的free是文中liberate的同义替换,故A不选;第3段说到网络生活开始奴役我们。但并不是说网络一代变成了技术的奴隶,故B错误,为正确答案;从Instead 可推知,技术专家们向人们保证“使生活变得更方便,节省更多的时间”的诺言没有实现,相反科技的进步占用了人们更多的时间,C、D的说法是正确的。

3.[C]细节判断题。根据resource定位到第4段第2句。第2句明确指出,各种业务占据了我们的闲暇时光,时问反倒成了最稀少的资源,故选C。

4.[D]细节推断题。第6段最后一个疑问旬“是不是这种高速文化使大家失去了耐心,不愿意倾听、服从,不愿意深思熟虑?”由此可知D正确。该段第l 句指明社会保守派将人们变得没有礼貌归咎于道德规范和宗教价值的沦丧.故A错误;B项是社会保守派的观点,故排除;C“高速文化导致了文明的沦丧”这与该 段最后一句是有出入的,故C也可排除。

5.[B]主旨大意题。文章主要讲述了新的科技革命本着为人类节约时间、节约能量的宗旨,但事实上却给人们带来了很多的负面影响,使人们更加忙碌不堪。A“新的网络生活”太过笼统;C“科技复兴的失败”,不符合文意;D “生活质量的下降”这只是第2段公司经理们的观点,过于片面,故选B。

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